Effect of fibrils on curvature- and rotation-induced hydrodynamic stability

Authors: Kvick, M., Lundell, F., Prahl Wittberg, L., Söderberg, D.
Document Type: Article
Pubstate: Published
Journal: Acta Mechanica
Year: 2013


Flow of a suspension of water and nano-fibrillated cellulose (NFC) in a curved and rotating channel is studied experimentally and theoretically. The aim is to investigate how NFC effects the stability of the flow. This flow is subject to a centrifugal instability creating counter-rotating vortices in the flow direction. These rolls can be both stabilised and destabilised by system rotation, depending on direction and velocity of the rotation. Flow visualisation images with pure water and an NFC/water suspension are categorised and stability maps are constructed. A linear stability analysis is performed, and the effect of fibrils are taken into account assuming straight fibrils and constant orientation distributions, i.e. without time dependent flow-orientation coupling. The results show that NFC has a less stabilising effect on the primary flow instability than indicated from the increase in viscosity measured by a rotary viscometer, but more than predicted from the linear stability analysis. Several unknown parameters (the most prominent being fibril aspect ratio and the interaction parameter in the rotary diffusion) appear in the analysis.