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Article

Modeling of rapid pressure-strain in Reynolds stress clousures.

Authors: Johansson, A.V.J., Hallbäck, M.
Document Type: Article
Pubstate: Published
Journal: J. Fluid Mech.
Volume: 269   143-168
Year: 1994

Abstract

The most general form for the rapid pressure-strain rate, within the context of classical Reynolds-stress transport (RST) closures for homogeneous flows, is derived, and truncated forms are obtained with the aid of rapid distortion theory. By a classical RST-closure we here denote a model with transport equations for the Reynolds stress tensor and the total dissipation rate. It is demonstrated that all earlier models for the rapid pressure-strain rate within the class of classical Reynolds-stress closures can be formulated as subsets of the general form derived here. Direct numerical simulations were used to show that the dependence on flow parameters, such as the turbulent Reynolds number, is small, allowing rapid distortion theory to be used for the determination of model parameters. It was shown that such a nonlinear description, of fourth order in the Reynolds-stress anisotropy tensor, is quite sufficient to very accurately model the rapid pressure-strain in all cases of irrotational mean flows, but also to get reasonable predictions in, for example, a rapid homogeneous shear flow. Also, the response of a sudden change in the orientation of the principal axes of a plane strain is investigated for the present model and models proposed in the literature, Inherent restrictions on the predictive capability of Reynolds-stress closures for rotational effects are identified.