Design of the centrifugal fan of a belt-driven starter generator with reduced flow noise

Authors: Kim, S.J., Sung, H.J., Wallin, S.W., Johansson, A.V.J.
Document Type: Article
Pubstate: Published
Journal: Int. J. Heat and Fluid Flow
Volume: 76   72-82
Year: 2019


Large eddy simulations based on the explicit algebraic subgrid-scale stress model were carried out to predict the flow-induced noise generated on the centrifugal fan of a belt-driven starter generator using Lighthill's analogy and the method of Ffowcs Williams and Hawkings. The surrounding air was approximated by an ideal gas at fixed room temperature (Tin = 300 K), and the rotating velocity of the fan was considered to be 6000 rpm. The blade array angles were designed using the modulation method, and a large blade curvature was adopted. We identified several centrifugal fan design parameters that could minimize the flow-induced noise while also minimizing fan efficiency losses. Three design parameters: the top serrated edge (θt), the step leading edge (0.52 Hb) and the tail edge (db and rb), played a critical role in preventing vortex generation and collision, significantly weakening the surface pressure fluctuations on the blade. The maximum sound pressure level at 800 Hz at a specific location was reduced by 5.5 dB (at the top serrated edge) and 6.8 dB (at the step leading edge) relative to the baseline case. The sound power, calculated over a hemisphere surface of 950 mm, was reduced by 77.3% (at the top serrated edge) and 61.0% (at the step leading edge) relative to the baseline whereas the mass flow rates were reduced by 5.2% and 10.6%, respectively. Experiments were performed using the optimally designed fan in a semi-anechoic chamber. The predicted sound pressure level and frequency were in good agreement with the experimentally measured values.