Vortex-Generator Models for Zero- and Adverse-Pressure-Gradient Flows

Authors: von Stillfried, , Wallin, S.W., Johansson, A.V.J.
Document Type: Article
Pubstate: Published
Journal: AIAA Journal
Volume: 50 (4)   855-866
Year: 2012


A computational fluid-dynamics investigation, including passive vortex generators (VGs) that generate streamwise counter-rotating vortex structures, usually requires a grid with fully resolved VG geometries and vortex structures with a corresponding large number of grid points to obtain an accurate solution. An efficient way to avoid such a setup and time-consuming process in turbulent shear-layer flows is to introduce statistics-based vortex- generator modeling. The second-order statistics of the initial vortices are computed by using a vortex model in combination with the lifting-line theory. The statistics are added as additional turbulence stress terms to the equations within a differential Reynolds stress-turbulence model. In this investigation, results from statistical VG model computations for zero- and adverse-pressure-gradient flat-plate boundary-layer flows, as well as for the flow in a plane asymmetric diffuser, are evaluated against results from fully resolved VG computations and experiments. It could be shown that the initial near-field forcing is too weak for the proposed VG model. An improved VG model description removes some drawbacks by adding additional statistical forcing terms. Results become more comparable, resulting in improved predictions when compared to experiments and fully resolved computations.