Centre of mass motion during gait in persons with myelomeningocele

Authors: Gutierrez-Farewik, E.M., Bartonek, Å., Haglund-Åkerlind, Y., Saraste, H.
Document Type: Article
Pubstate: Published
Journal: Gait & Posture
Volume: 18   37-46
Year: 2003


The movement of the centre of mass in the vertical and lateral directions during gait in children with myelomeningocele was analyzed. The children were classified into five groups depending on the successive paresis of lower limb muscle groups and compared to a control group. In the groups with dorsi- and plantarflexor weakness, the excursions increased and an anterior trend in the centre of mass was observed. In the groups with additional abductor paresis, the lateral excursion was highest and the vertical excursion low due to increased transverse and frontal motion and reduced sagittal motion. With further paresis of the hip extensors, the centre of mass was more posteriorly positioned due to compensatory trunk extension. Improved understanding of individual children`s solutions to their muscle paresis can be obtained by visualizing the centre of mass relative to the pelvis. Centre of mass analyses in myelomeningocele offer an important complement to standard gait analysis.