

Article
Direct numerical simulations of rotating turbulent channel flow
Authors: 
Grundestam, O.G., Wallin, S.W., Johansson, A.V.J. 
Document Type: 
Article 
Pubstate: 
Published 
Journal: 
Journal of Fluid Mechanics 
Volume: 
598
177–199 
Year: 
2008 
AbstractFully developed rotating turbulent channel flow has been studied, through direct numerical simulations, for the complete range of rotation numbers for which the flow is turbulent. The present investigation suggests that complete flow laminarization occurs at a rotation number Ro=2??/Ub=3.0, where ? denotes the system rotation, Ub is the mean bulk velocity and ? is the halfwidth of the channel. Simulations were performed for ten different rotation numbers in the range 0.98 to 2.49 and complemented with earlier simulations (done in our group) for lower values of Ro. The friction Reynolds number Re?=u??/? (where u? is the wallshear velocity and ? is the kinematic viscosity) was chosen as 180 for these simulations. A striking feature of rotating channel flow is the division into a turbulent (unstable) and an almost laminarized (stable) side. The relatively distinct interface between these two regions was found to be maintained by a balance where negative turbulence production plays an important role. The maximum difference in wallshear stress between the two sides was found to occur for a rotation number of about 0.5. The bulk flow was found to monotonically increase with increasing rotation number and reach a value (for Re?=180) at the laminar limit (Ro=3.0) four times that of the nonrotating case.

