Consecutive turbulence transition delay with reinforced passive control

Authors: Sattarzadeh, S. S., Fransson, J. H. M., Talamelli, A., Fallenius, B. E. G.
Document Type: Article
Pubstate: Published
Journal: Physical Review E
Volume: 89   061001(R)
Year: 2014


Miniature vortex generators (MVGs) are able to delay the transition to turbulence in a flat plate boundary layer if properly designed. Unfortunately, the natural recovery of the modulated laminar base flow in the streamwise direction is of exponential space scale and hence the passive laminar control fades away fairly rapidly. Here we show that by placing a second array of MVGs downstream of the first one it is possible to nourish the counter-rotating streamwise vortices responsible for the modulation, which results in a prolonged streamwise extent of the control. With this control strategy it is possible to delay the transition to turbulence, consecutively, by reinforcing the control effect and with the ultimate implication of obtaining a net skin-friction drag reduction of at least 65%.