Early turbulent evolution of the Blasius wall jet

Authors: Levin, O., Herbst, A. H., Henningson, D.S.H.
Document Type: Article
Pubstate: Published
Journal: J. Turbulence
Volume: 7   1-17
Year: 2006


The first direct numerical simulation that is sufficiently large to study the self-similar behaviour of a turbulent wall jet is performed. The investigation is an extension of the simulation performed by Levin et al. 2005 (JFM 539). The same numerical method is used, but a significantly larger computational domain enables to follow the development of the flow throughout the transition into its early turbulent evolution. Two-dimensional waves and streamwise elongated streaks, matched to measured disturbances, are introduced in the flow to trigger a natural transition mechanism. The Reynolds number is 3090 based on the inlet velocity and the nozzle height. The simulation provides detailed visualizations of the flow structures and statistics of mean flow and turbulent stresses. A weak subharmonic behaviour in the transition region is revealed by animations of the flow. The averaged data is presented in both inner and outer scaling in order to identify self-similar behaviour. Despite the low Reynolds number and the short computational domain, the turbulent flow exhibits a reasonable self-similar behaviour, which is most pronounced with inner scaling in the near-wall region.