The dynamical states of a prolate spheroidal particle suspended in shear flow as a consequence of particle and fluid inertia

Authors: Rosén, T., Do-Quang, M., Aidun, C. K., Lundell, F.
Document Type: Article
Pubstate: Published
Journal: Journal of Fluid Mechanics
Volume: 771   115-158
Year: 2015


The rotational motion of a prolate spheroidal particle suspended in shear flow is studied by a lattice Boltzmann method with external boundary forcing (LB-EBF). It has previously been shown that the case of a single neutrally buoyant particle is a surprisingly rich dynamical system that exhibits several bifurcations between rotational states due to inertial effects. It was observed that the rotational states were associated with either fluid inertia effects or particle inertia effects, which are always in competition. The effects of fluid inertia are characterized by the particle Reynolds number Re p=4Ga 2/ν, where G is the shear rate, a is the length of the particle major semi-axis and ν is the kinematic viscosity. Particle inertia is associated with the Stokes number St=α⋅Re p, where alpha is the solid-to-fluid density ratio. Previously, the neutrally buoyant case (St=Re p) was studied extensively. However, little is known about how these results are affected when St ≠Re p, and how the aspect ratio r p (major axis/minor axis) influences the competition between fluid and particle inertia in the absence of gravity. This work gives a full description of how prolate spheroidal particles in the range 2≤r p≤6 behave depending on the chosen St and Re p. Furthermore, consequences for the rheology of a dilute suspension containing such particles are discussed. Finally, grid resolution close to the particle is shown to affect the quantitative results considerably. It is suggested that this resolution is a major cause of quantitative discrepancies between different studies. Thus, the results of this work and previous direct numerical simulations of this problem should be regarded as qualitative descriptions of the physics involved, and more refined methods must be used to quantitatively pinpoint the transitions between rotational states.