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Article

Influence of changes of the glottal waveform on vowel production

Authors: Schickhofer, L., Dahlkild, A. A., Mihaescu, M
Document Type: Article
Pubstate: Published
Journal: Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics, Acoustical Society of America
Volume: 28   ICA2016-586
Year: 2016

Abstract

Conditions of the vocal folds and upper airways can directly influence the fundamental frequency of the periodic movement of the glottis as well as the waveform of the source signal. This could further impair a patient's ability to excite resonances of the vocal tract and generate vowels. In this study, the Rosenberg model for the glottal pulse is applied to numerically investigate the propagation of the voice source signal from the glottis through a static vocal tract model. The geometries of the vocal tract are based on magnetic resonance imaging data for the different vowel pronounciations of a healthy male subject. For the computation of the pressure fluctuations and the associated distribution of frequency peaks as a result of the modulation through the vocal tract, direct compressible flow simulations are carried out by using a finite volume solver. The results are compared with the solution of a wave reflection analogue based on the area functions extracted from the same geometries and good agreement is reached. The effect of variations of glottal closure and fundamental frequency of the standard Rosenberg waveform on the computed acoustic signal is investigated. Thus, an estimation of the impact of glottal diseases on the ability of vowel production is attempted.