A study of swirling turbulent pipe and jet flows

Authors: Facciolo, L, Tillmark, N.T., Talamelli, A., Alfredsson, P.H.
Document Type: Article
Pubstate: Published
Journal: Phys. Fluids
Volume: 19   035105
Year: 2007


Axially rotating turbulent pipe flow is an example in which the rotation strongly affects the turbulence, which then also influences the mean flow properties. For instance, in the fully developed flow as well, the fluid is not in solid body rotation due to the influence of the cross-stream Reynolds stress. The present paper reports new measurements from a rotating pipe flow and the streamwise mean velocity distribution is compared with recent scaling ideas of Oberlack [J. Fluid Mech. 379, 1 (1999)] and good agreement is found. A second part of the paper deals with the initial stages when the flow leaves the pipe and forms a swirling jet. The measurements in the jet show that at some distance downstream (approximately five jet diameters) the central part of the jet actually rotates in the opposite direction as compared to the rotation of the pipe. This effect is explained by the influence of the cross-stream Reynolds shear stress