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Article

Fluid mechanics of papermaking

Authors: Lundell, F., Söderberg, D., Alfredsson, P.H.
Document Type: Article
Pubstate: Published
Journal: Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics
Volume: 43   195-217
Year: 2011

Abstract

Papermaking is to a large extent a multiphase flow process where the structure of the material and many of the relevant properties of the final product are determined by the interaction between water and the wood fibers. The dominant feature of a suspension composed of wood fibers and water is its inherent propensity to form bundles of mechanically entangled fibers, fiber flocs, but the phenomena apparent throughout the papermaking process are not unique but in fact generic fluid dynamical phenomenon.