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Article

Turbulent boundary layers: Inflow effects and cross-validation of simulation and experiment

Authors: Örlü, R., Schlatter, P.
Document Type: Conference
Pubstate: Published
Journal: Bulletin of the American Physical Society, 64rd Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, November 20–22, 2011, Baltimore, Maryland
Volume: 56  
Year: 2011

Abstract

A recent assessment of available direct numerical simulation (DNS) data from turbulent boundary layer flows [Schlatter \& \"Orl\"u, J. Fluid Mech.\ 659, 116 (2010)] showed surprisingly large differences not only in the skin friction coefficient or shape factor, but also in their predictions of mean and fluctuation profiles far into the sublayer. Several DNS of a zero pressure-gradient (ZPG) turbulent boundary layer (TBL) \`a la Schlatter et al.~[Phys. Fluids 21, 051702 (2009)] with physically different inflow conditions and tripping effects were performed. Most of the differences observed when comparing available DNS could thereby be traced back to different initial conditions. It was also found, that if transition is initiated at a low enough Reynolds number (based on the momentum-loss thickness) $Re_\theta<$~300, all data agree well for both inner and outer layer for $Re_\theta>2000$; a result that gives a lower limit for meaningful comparisons between numerical and/or wind tunnel experiments. Based on these results a detailed comparison between DNS and experiment of a ZPG TBL flow at $Re_\theta=2500$ and 4000 is presented. Good agreement is obtained for integral quantities, mean and fluctuating streamwise velocity profiles, but also for the probability distribution and spectral map throughout the boundary layer. http://meetings.aps.org/link/BAPS.2011.DFD.G7.8