Seminar: Licentiate Seminars

Towards Adaptive Mesh Refinement in Nek5000

Speaker: Nicolas Offermans
Organization: KTH, Mekanik
Time: 2017-12-11 13:30
Place: Teknikringen 8


The development of adaptive mesh refinement capabilities in the field of computational fluid dynamics is an essential tool for enabling the simulation of larger and more complex physical problems. While such techniques have been known for a long time, most simulations do not make use of them because of the lack of a robust implementation. In this work, we present recent progresses that have been made to develop adaptive mesh refinement features in Nek5000, a code based on the spectral element method. These developments are driven by the algorithmic challenges posed by future exascale supercomputers. First, we perform the study of the strong scaling of Nek5000 on three petascale machines in order to assess the scalability of the code and identify the current bottlenecks. It is found that strong scaling limit ranges between 5,000 and 220,000 degrees of freedom per core depending on the machine and the case. The need for synchronized and low latency communication for efficient computational fluid dynamics simulation is also confirmed. Additionally, we present how Hypre, a library for linear algebra, is used to develop a new and efficient code for performing the setup step required prior to the use of an algebraic multigrid solver for preconditioning the pressure equation in Nek5000. Finally, the main objective of this work is to develop new methods for estimating the error on a numerical solution of the Navier–Stokes equations via the resolution of an adjoint problem. These new estimators are compared to existing ones, which are based on the decay of the spectral coefficients. Then, the estimators are combined with newly implemented capabilities in Nek5000 for automatic grid refinement and adaptive mesh adaptation is carried out. The applications considered so far are steady and two–dimensional, namely the lid-driven cavity at Re=7,500 and the flow past a cylinder at Re=40. The use of adaptive mesh refinement techniques makes mesh generation easier and it is shown that a similar accuracy as with a static mesh can be reached with a significant reduction in the number of degrees of freedom. /!\ Change of room and time! The seminar will be given on Monday 2017-12-11 at 13:30 in Faxén room.